Md. Abdul Ahad1, Ruji Raihana Ferdaus1, Md. Rezaul Ahsan2, Md. Muzammel Hoque3, A. N. M. Safiqul Islam4
1 Department of Entomology, Hajee Mohamed Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh
2 Finance Division, Ministry of Finance, Bangladesh Secretariat, Bangladesh
3 National Scientific and Technical Documentation Center (BANSDOC), E-14/Y, Agargaon, Dhaka, Bangladesh
4 Kaliakoir Hi-Tech Park Project Bangladesh, Hi-Tech Park Project Authority, BCC Bhaban, Sher-E-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
To cite this article:
Md. Abdul Ahad, Ruji Raihana Ferdaus, Md. Rezaul Ahsan, Md. Muzammel Hoque, A. N. M. Safiqul Islam. Survey of Major Insect Pests, Uses of Management Practices and Other Related Information of Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) Growers of the Northern Region of Bangladesh. American Journal of Life Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2015, pp. 408-411. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20150306.15
Abstract: Kantajir sugarcane Farm is the largest farm that situated a Kharol thana, Dinajprur, Bangladesh. There are 140.08 hectares (346 acres) of land. Farmers of the adjacent locality received leased of that land and cultivate sugarcane. Data collected from those farmers (5o farmers) during 01.01.12 to 31.03.12 from Sunderbon union of that Thana. Farmers informed that stem borer (Chilo tumidicostalis), early shoot borer (Chilo infuscatellus), top shoot borer (Scirpophaga incertulus), root borer (Emmalocera depressela), termite (Odontotermies obsesus), mealy bug (Sacchariccous sacchari) and scale insect (Melanapis glomerata) were major pest, respectively; even after application of insecticides (Furadan 5G). Moreover, 77.27% farmers informed that they used only Furadan 5G for the control of all type of stem borers; 54.54% farmers informed that they used losburn for control of termite. But removal of stem borer infested plant parts and killing of early shoot borer larvae by removal of soil was followed 21% farmers. In addition, the highest 77.27% farmers were acknowledged that those received information from the ‘Sugarcane development assistance’ followed by ‘Center in charge (13.63%). Additionally, 814.82% farmers said that they cultivated Isd 37 sugarcane variety followed by Isd-21 (40.91% farmers), and Isd 26 (27.27% farmers). Furthermore, 63.63% farmers informed that those cultivated chili Capsicum annuum as relay crops followed by potato Solanum tuberosum 54.54% (farmers), tomato Solanum lycopersicum 18.18% (farmers) and cucumber Cucumis sativus 13.63% (farmers). Moreover, farmers obtained every inputs such as sugarcane set (seeds), fertilizer and insecticide as loan and those loans were paid during the selling of sugarcane to the mill of Shetabgonj (Dinajpur, Bangladesh). In addition, those farmers claimed that they suffered various problems for sugarcane cultivation such as lack of marketing facilities (late purchase of sugarcane by the sugarcane mill, when it reduced its weight due do dry) and stem borer insect infestation.
Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) is one of the most important cash-cum-industrial crops in Bangladesh [1, 2, and 3]. It is the second sugar producing crop of the world but in Bangladesh it rank is first . The average yield of sugarcane in Bangladesh is very low compared to other sugarcane growing countries . For example, it is 42.0 t/ha in Bangladesh . Whereas, in India 56.0 t/ha . Additionally, insect pests alone cause damage ranging from 20-60% . Among various factors of yield reducing; insect pests inflicts considerable losses, which are estimated to be around 20% in cane yield and 15% in sugar recovery . However, so far about 70 species of the insect pests have been identified to feed on sugarcane in Bangladesh [9,10]. It is also reported that the most important pests of sugarcane are: i) early shoot borer, ii) top shoot borer, iii) stem borer, iv) rootstock borer v) mealy bug, and vi) scale insect and vii) white grubs. The yield losses due to those insect pests were estimated to be 22-33% by early shoot borer ; 21-48% by top shoot borer ; 8.2-12.6% by stem borer ; and 8.55 – 10% by root stock borer ; l. 43% by scale insect , 24.1% by mealy bug and 23.07-38.17% by white grubs . Various techniques such as cultural, mechanical, biological and chemical methods have been recommended to control those pests .
An understanding of insect pest attack and the associated factors would be helpful to planners and extension workers to devise strategies and courses of actions for effective control of the insect pests  (Ahad and Haque, 1993).
However, there are two sugar mills in this area: one is Thakurgaon sugar mill and another is Shetabgonj at Dinajpur. The raw materials of sugar (sugarcane) are supplied from those two mills. So, sugarcane is very important crop of this area.
But literatures reveal that information about major insect pests and other problems related to sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) Cultivation is about scanty, especially in Bangladesh. However, Ahad and Haque  conducted a research on the insect pests faced by the farmers in sugarcane cultivation in Bangladesh. But it does not fulfill the overall need. Consequently, a research program was under taken whose objectives are: i) to know different insect pests of sugarcane, ii) different problems faced by sugarcane growers, iii) pest management practice they use, iv) the different verities of sugarcane they cultivate, v) different sources they use to take advice for management of insect pests and other purposes, vi) their sources of loan, and finally vii) to know the relay crops they cultivate.
The research would be helpful to the researchers such as to agriculturists, entomologists, agriculture extortionists, sociologists, psychologists and also those who are interested to conducte a research based on interview schedule.
2. Materials and Methods
The methodology was followed according to Ahad and Haque  and Ahad et. al. . Based on the literature, it was first surveyed how many insect pests attacked in the sugarcane crop in Bangladesh and India. Based on those data, an interview schedules was set for the collection of required data that mention in the objectives. A colour photograph (laminated) also prepared about the nature of damage and the insect pests of sugarcane. Then, it showed to the farmers and explains clearly and then asked those farmers, whether those insect pests are major, minor or absent. Besides, other questions (those mentioned in the objectives) were also asked. Finally, the obtained data were converted into percentages and compiled in various tables for illustration in the result and discussions.